The secret of the temple of Debod

National November concluded, the Popular Party is calling for a demonstration today five hundred meters from the PSOE headquarters on Calle Ferraz in Madrid.

Oliver Thansan
Oliver Thansan
02 December 2023 Saturday 10:42
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The secret of the temple of Debod

National November concluded, the Popular Party is calling for a demonstration today five hundred meters from the PSOE headquarters on Calle Ferraz in Madrid. When the far-right rallies begin to lose strength, Alberto Nüñez Feijóo takes over near Ferraz with a slogan that says it all: "Spain does not surrender".

National Autumn Since the end of September, this is the fourth consecutive demonstration organized by the people. The first took place on September 24 in Plaça Felip II, attended by around 40,000 people, according to the Spanish Government Delegation. The second, on November 3, was staged at the Puerta del Sol and its surroundings, attended by around 80,000 people. On that day, the PP had summoned the citizens in front of town halls across Spain. The third rally against the amnesty, called by the civic platforms that orbit around the PP, in which Vox also participated, was held on November 18 in Plaça de Cibeles, with 170,000 attendees. The fourth demonstration will take place today, December 3, in front of the ancient Egyptian temple that President Gamal Abdel Nasser, idol of Arab nationalism, gave to Franco's Spain in 1968 before it was swallowed up by the waters of the dam of Aswan The temple was dismantled stone by stone and Spanish archaeologists managed to rebuild it in 1972 in the park of the Montaña barracks. Oriented from east to west looking for the golden light of the sunset, the temple of Debod worshiped Amun, the main god of the Thebans.

Located in the Argüelles district, halfway between the Royal Palace and the Parque de l'Oeste, between Plaza d'Espanya and Manzanares, the promontory where the Temple of Debod is located is one of the most beautiful places in Madrid . A place full of history. On the so-called Principe Pio mountain (Italian aristocrat who supported Felipe V in the War of Succession), the shootings took place on the night of May 2 to 3, 1808, immortalized by Goya. Years later, from 1860, a large barracks capable of housing a garrison of three thousand soldiers was built on this promontory, the Montaña barracks, which would be a bloody scene of the Civil War half a century later. On July 19, 1936, General Joaquín Fanjul tried to take command of the military revolt in Madrid from the Montaña barracks. While waiting for reinforcements, the quarter was surrounded by the army loyal to the Republic and the socialist and anarchist militias, armed by the Giral government. After a day of hard confrontations, the besieged began to yield and the militias entered the assault dodging machine gun fire. There was a massacre. The revolt was defeated in Madrid and after two days General Fanjul was shot. At the end of the Civil War, the barracks, in a dilapidated state, became a concentration camp for Republican prisoners. Finally, with the military building demolished, the mountain of Príncipe Pío became an urban park, where the rebuilt Debod temple was inaugurated in 1972, with the mayor of the city, Carlos Arias Navarro, the man who three years later would announce for television the death of General Francisco Franco.

May 2 shootings. goya Hand-to-hand combat between revolted military and left-wing militiamen in July 1936. The two Spains, face to face. Concentration camp in 1939. Urban park, with an exotic Egyptian temple, a symbol of Spain's traditional friendship with the Arab countries during the Franco regime, a line that continues to permeate the country's foreign policy in the face of the new complications of the world. Place very close to the headquarters of the PSOE. This is the enclave chosen by the PP for its fourth demonstration of the National Autumn.

In front of the temple of Debod today the Constitution of 1978 will be vindicated, three days before its 45th anniversary. A text whose interpretation is the obsessive axis of Spanish politics from minute one of its approval. From here arises the relentless struggle for control of the Constitutional Court, the constant state of alert of the elite bodies of the civil service and the current right-wing barricades in the General Council of the Judiciary.

The Constitution can be interpreted in several ways. This has been the subject of Spain since 1978. At the moment the Government coalition claims that a way out of the Catalan question can be found within the Constitution. The independentists think not, but they agree to talk about the Constitution for the first time. The majority right appeals to the Constitution as a defensive bulwark. And the extreme right begins to display Spanish flags without a shield, because they no longer believe in the Constitution and speak of the Nation as a primordial and pre-political force. This is the disposition of forces.

The Debod temple is the exotic touch of the day. But this temple keeps a secret: it was erected during the Theban secession that led to the creation of four short-lived independent states in ancient Egypt, around 205 BC. Debod was the result of a territorial exaltation: the brief independence of the region of Thebes, in the south, against the Ptolemaic dynasty, founded by a general of Alexander the Great, who dominated Egypt during the Hellenistic period. Debod is almost a pro-independence place. For Amon!