Steve Jobs, the mastermind behind Apple's iPhone, iPad, iPod, iMac and iTunes, has died, Apple said late today. He was 56 years old.
Jobs died peacefully, surrounded by household members, his family mentioned in a statement. In current years Jobs had fought a kind of pancreatic cancer and had a liver transplant.
"Steve's brilliance, passion and power were the source of countless innovations that enrich and boost all of our lives," study a statement by Apple's board of directors. "The world is immeasurably far better for the reason that of Steve. His greatest appreciate was for his wife, Laurene, and his family. Our hearts go out to them and to all who had been touched by his extraordinary gifts."
Jobs co-founded Apple Personal computer in 1976 and, with his childhood pal Steve Wozniak, marketed what was regarded as the world's initial prosperous individual laptop, the Apple II.
Market watchers known as Jobs a master innovator -- perhaps on a par with Thomas Edison -- altering the worlds of computing, recorded music and communications.
"I am shocked and disturbed," said Wozniak when reached by ABC News. Later, on ABC News' "Nightline," he mentioned it was difficult to consider, in some approaches, how the world would move forward without having Jobs.
"You get shocked when persons you know die," Wozniak stated. "And this was closer to when John Lennon died, or JFK or Martin Luther King."
As Jobs' death was announced, the homepage of Apple's website switched to a complete-web page image of Jobs with the text, "Steve Jobs 1955-2011."
Clicking on the image brought a single to further text that was attributed to Apple's present CEO, Tim Cook.
"Apple has lost a visionary and creative genius, and the world has lost an wonderful human becoming," the text read. "These of us who have been fortunate sufficient to know and perform with Steve have lost a dear friend and an inspiring mentor. Steve leaves behind a enterprise that only he could have constructed, and his spirit will forever be the foundation of Apple."
Reaction to Jobs' death came from far and wide.
"Michelle and I are saddened to find out of the passing of Steve Jobs," President Obama said in a written statement. "Steve was amongst the greatest of American innovators -- brave adequate to assume differently, bold sufficient to think he could change the globe, and talented sufficient to do it."
Click Right here for Photographs: Steve Jobs Via the Years
Jobs' rivals in the improvement of individual computer systems, Microsoft co-founders Bill Gates and Paul Allen, right away reacted to his death and highlighted his value to their business.
Allen known as him "a exceptional tech pioneer and auteur who knew how to make amazingly good goods."
Gates mentioned, "Steve and I first met nearly 30 years ago, and have been colleagues, competitors and friends more than the course of a lot more than half our lives.
"The planet rarely sees someone who has had the profound impact Steve has had, the effects of which will be felt for many generations to come," Gates stated. "For these of us lucky adequate to get to perform with him, it is been an insanely great honor. I will miss Steve immensely."
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg said, "Steve, thank you for getting a mentor and a buddy. Thanks for displaying that what you create can change the world. I will miss you."
Click right here for extra reaction to Jobs' death.
Jobs continued to develop in recent years regardless of his failing well being. He took 3 healthcare leaves from Apple.
In 2004, he beat back an uncommon form of pancreatic cancer, and in 2009 he was forced to get a liver transplant. Jobs ultimately announced on Aug. 24, 2011 that he was stepping down as Apple's chief executive.
"I have often mentioned if there ever came a day when I could no longer meet my duties and expectations as Apple's CEO, I would be the first to let you know," Jobs wrote in his letter of resignation. "Unfortunately, that day has come."
He remained as chairman of the corporation, a new position produced for him.
Jobs' family released a statement tonight thanking everyone who had expressed concern about his overall health in the final year of his life.
"In his public life, Steve was recognized as a visionary in his private life, he cherished his loved ones," the statement mentioned. "We are grateful for the support and kindness of these who share our feelings for Steve. We know several of you will mourn with us, and we ask that you respect our privacy for the duration of our time of grief."
A single of the world's most famous CEOs, Jobs remained stubbornly private about his individual life, refusing interviews and shielding his wife and their kids from public view.
"He's under no circumstances been a media individual," mentioned industry analyst Tim Bajarin, president of Inventive Tactics, right after Jobs resigned in August. "He's granted interviews in the context of solution launches, when it positive aspects Apple, but you under no circumstances see him speak about himself."
Apple stated it was not planning any public events, even though Cook's memo to Apple personnel said the firm was "planning a celebration of Steve's extraordinary life for Apple personnel that will take location soon."
At Apple headquarters in Cupertino, Calif., tonight, people had been hugging and crying. Candles have been lit around an iPad with a image of Jobs on the screen, and persons quietly stood and looked at the memorial.
Apple fans also gathered at an Apple retailer in New York City, although a security guard said he was told to pick up any flowers and remove anything like a shrine.
"For all he did -- his inventions, the way he changed technology and communications -- I felt I was obligated, in a way, just to say, "Thank you.'" mentioned David Del Toro, 37, of Miami.
The highlights of Jobs's career trajectory are nicely-recognized: a prodigy who dropped out of Reed College in Oregon and, at 21, started Apple with Wozniak in his parents' garage. He was a multimillionaire by 25, appeared on the cover of Time magazine at 26, and was ousted at Apple at age 30, in 1985.
In the years that followed, he went into other businesses, founding Next computers and, in 1986, obtaining the personal computer graphics arm of Lucasfilm, Ltd. -- which became Pixar Animation Studios and transformed the cartoon world with such films as "Toy Story" and "WALL-E."
He was described as an exacting and at times fearsome leader, ordering up and rejecting various versions of new solutions until the final version was just right. He mentioned the design and aesthetics of a device were as important as the hardware and software inside.
Click Right here for Photographs: Apple's Iconic Products
In 1996, Apple, which had struggled without Jobs, brought him back by getting Next. He became CEO in 1997 and put the firm on a exceptional upward path.
By 2001, the commercial music market was on its knees simply because digital recordings, copied and shared online for cost-free, made it unnecessary for millions of folks to obtain compact discs.
Jobs took benefit with the iPod -- primarily a pocket-sized computer really hard drive with elegantly easy controls and a set of white earbuds so that one particular could listen to the hours of music 1 saved on it. He set up the iTunes on line music retailer, and persuaded main recording labels to sell songs for 99 cents each and every. No longer did people have to go out and buy a CD if they liked just a single song from it. They bought a digital file and stored it in their iPods.
"Other corporations sold digital music ahead of Apple," mentioned Bill Werde, editorial director of Billboard magazine. "Other corporations made digital music obtainable on computer systems and digital phones and utilized it in commercials. Apple's brilliance -- and I never assume any individual doubts that this was Steve Jobs' brilliance -- was that Apple produced it exciting and basic and effortless and enjoyable. Prior to Steve Jobs, digital music was math class. Just after, it was recess."
Jobs did not rest. In 2007, he transformed the cellphone. Apple's iPhone, with its iconic touch screen, was a handheld pc, music player, messaging device, digital wallet and -- pretty much incidentally -- phone. Significant competitors, such as BlackBerry, Nokia and Motorola, struggled just after it appeared.
By 2010, Apple's new iPad started to cannibalize its original business, the personal computer system. The iPad was a sleek tablet computer with a touch screen and virtually no physical buttons. It could be used for pretty much something software designers could conceive, from watching motion pictures to taking pictures to leafing via a virtual book.
Jobs kept a close cadre of close friends, Bajarin stated, which includes John Lasseter of Pixar and Larry Ellison of Oracle, but beyond that, shared quite little of his private life with everyone.
But that individual life -- he was offered up at birth for adoption, had an illegitimate youngster, was romantically linked with film stars -- was full of intrigue for his fan base and Apple shoppers.
Jobs and his wife, Laurene Powell, were married in a smaller ceremony in Yosemite National Park in 1991, lived in Woodside, Calif., and had three young children, Reed, Erin and Eve.
He admitted that when he was 23, he had a child out of wedlock with his higher school girlfriend, Chris Ann Brennan. Their daughter, Lisa Brennan Jobs, was born in 1978.
He had a biological sister, Mona Simpson, the author of such effectively-recognized books as "Anywhere But Right here." But he did not meet Simpson till they had been adults and he was in search of out his birth parents. Simpson later wrote a book based on their partnership. Its title: "A Frequent Guy."
Fortune magazine reported that Jobs denied for years that he was the father of Lisa Brennan Jobs, at 1 point swearing in a court document that he was infertile and could not have youngsters. According to the report, Chris Ann Brennan collected welfare for a time to support the child till Jobs later acknowledged Lisa as his daughter.
There were other personal particulars that emerged more than the years, as nicely.
At Reed, Jobs became romantically involved with the singer Joan Baez, according to Elizabeth Holmes, a buddy and classmate. In "The Second Coming of Steve Jobs," Holmes tells biographer Alan Deutschman that Jobs broke up with his significant girlfriend to "start an affair with the charismatic singer-activist." Holmes confirmed the information to ABC News.
Jobs' Health and Apple's Well being
Enigmatic and charismatic, Jobs said little about himself. But then his body began to fail him.
In 2004, he was forced to say publicly he had a rare type of pancreatic cancer. In 2009, it was revealed that he had quietly gone to a Memphis hospital for a liver transplant.
In 2009, sources stated, members of Apple's board of directors had to persuade him to disclose far more about his wellness as "a fiduciary situation," interwoven with the health of the firm.
He was listed in March as 109th on the Forbes list of the world's billionaires, with a net worth of about $8.three billion. Following selling Pixar animation studios to The Walt Disney Company in 2006, he became a Disney board member and the company's biggest shareholder. Disney is the parent organization of ABC News.
Analysts mentioned Apple performed well in the course of Jobs' absence, partly mainly because he was available for massive decisions and partly due to the fact his chief lieutenant, Tim Cook, was the hands-on manager even when Jobs was there.
The company has a history of bouncing back. In January 2009, immediately after he announced his second health-related leave, Apple stock dropped to $78.20 per share. But it immediately recovered and became one of the most effective stocks on Wall Street. On a single day in the summer of 2011, with the stock hitting the $400 level, Apple briefly passed ExxonMobil as the world's most important firm.
ABC News' Neal Karlinsky, Gregory J. Krieg, Alex Stone and Catherine McKenzie contributed to this report.
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