Dogs: what are the most common pet diseases and how to avoid them?

In the vast majority of homes, dogs are not seen as simple pets, but as another member of the family.

Oliver Thansan
Oliver Thansan
02 December 2023 Saturday 22:25
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Dogs: what are the most common pet diseases and how to avoid them?

In the vast majority of homes, dogs are not seen as simple pets, but as another member of the family. That is why, as would be the case with any human, it is important to be extremely attentive to the health of our four-legged friends.

The diet and daily activities of dogs are the main issue to address, since they are factors that could pose a health problem. There are some pathologies that tend to be quite common in dogs, so you have to be attentive to possible symptoms.

Although dogs of all ages can be affected by this disease, it is more common in puppies. According to the Official College of Veterinarians of Cáceres in Spain, the virus "needs tissues that contain a large number of actively multiplying cells for its duplication," which explains why it is more present in young dogs.

This pathology is transmitted mainly through feces, so it is best to prevent dogs from getting close to them. On the other hand, the most normal symptoms are vomiting, diarrhea, lack of appetite and fever; That is why if you present any of these it is necessary to consult with a veterinarian.

Canine distemper is caused by an extremely contagious virus. According to the MiVet veterinary site, the most common symptoms are cough, excess mucus, eye discharge and conjunctivitis.

Furthermore, specialists assure that, like the previous disease, "there is no specific treatment that eliminates the virus", so it is important to go to the veterinarian when any of these signs appear and isolate the infected dogs.

There are a large number of parasites that can cause problems for the dog's health. There are two main groups: external and internal. The most common of the first group are fleas and ticks, which although they do not usually cause major complications, it is important to eliminate them quickly with the methods recommended by veterinarians.

In the internal ones, which live inside the dog's body, most of them are worms that lodge in different parts of the body. According to the aforementioned veterinary site, some are:

Round, hooked and flat worms, which affect the dog's digestive system. The first two can be seen in the dog's feces and all are curable with correct treatment. Heart and lungworms: these are the most dangerous, as they cause one of the most common fatal diseases in puppies, heartworm disease. They can cause breathing problems, anorexia, apathy, and even cardiac arrest.