Whether the land becomes a country remains a divisive issue on the staircase.
Puerto Rico's territorial standing has become a subject of conversation among residents in the island for decades.
"It is a place that has turned into a colony for 500 Decades," stated Ed Morales, a professor in the Middle for the Study of Ethnicity and Race at Columbia University and author of the publication"Fantasy Island: Colonialism, Exploitation and the Betrayal of Puerto Rico."
But discussions about equal rights to the inhabitants of Puerto Rico -- a U.S. land whose inhabitants are American taxpayers -- gained renewed momentum following Hurricane Maria slammed the island at 2017, leaving almost 3,000 people dead and causing over $90 billion in damage.
There are now two bills before Congress who try to cover the country's status and also the Biden government has stated that the island ought to have the ability to choose its own destiny.
When some Americans in the mainland have been in favor of statehood for Puerto Rico, specialists say the problem of the island's standing remains a divisive topic.
"It has been divisive, since since the U.S. invaded Puerto Rico in 1898, there were individuals who've been in favor of continuing a relationship with the U.S., very similar to this one that there's now. However there are individuals who desire freedom because they feel very strong in their national identity, or the men and women who desire statehood because they wish to become Americans," Morales told ABC News.
Throughout the Spanish-American War, the U.S. invaded Puerto Rico and obtained only authority across the island.
As a result of this history, many of Puerto Rico's residents believe the island to function as longest-held colony on earth.
Here Is What to know about the debate within the island's potential:
Divided on 3 choices
Nearly all Puerto Ricans feel that the island's present status should change, but are split on the most appropriate plan of actions: statehood, independence or"improved" commonwealth.
The land has ran six non-binding referendums covering the governmental position, but no official change was made.
In the previous plebiscite, conducted on Nov. 3, 2020, 52 percent of residents voted for statehood, while 47 percent of residents voted against it. In accordance with Puerto Rico's election commission, roughly 52 percent of respondents participated in the referendum.
Following the results have been made public, the dialogue concerning the island's political standing made it into a federal level. "There is not any consensus, there's branch," Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., informed El Nuevo Dia following the vote.
For Alexandra-Marie Figueroa, a pro-independence activist, the branch among Puerto Ricans is linked to misinformation about the political ideologies out there for Puerto Ricans.
"If you take a look at who's pushed those plebiscites, it has ever been skewed... that it has ever been by the innovative statehood celebration, but they have never known for a coalition where each civilization is adequately represented and each and every motion has sufficient resourcing to notify the general public about what the position and the chances are," Figueroa said.
He believes that instructing the folks on what statehood actually reflects increases people in favor of this move.
"I am very confident that following an educational procedure the people of Puerto Rico once more will vote in favour of statehood," Romero told ABC News. "When we go out and clarify and teach the citizens of this island... the percent could be far wider."
For people who think that Puerto Rico must maintain a variant of this standing generally known as"ELA" ("Estado Libre Asociado" -- roughly translated into related, free, country ), they acknowledge that there ought to be some kind of modification.
"The present political arrangement could be improved and enhanced," stated pro-commonwealth supporter and former senator Jose Nadal Power.
Underneath the Federal Relations Act of Puerto Rico there's a clause which enables Puerto Ricans to arrange a government pursuant to a constitution of their adoption. In accordance with Nadal Power, the action ought to have a clause which includes"that are the constraints of congressional powers over Puerto Rico."
2 possible solutions
Regardless of the legislative acts, some consider the odds of viewing change are slender.
"I don't believe those bills will get to the president's desk for his signature, but naturally they're our way of beginning our discussion about the political status of Puerto Rico," Power told ABC News.
Throughout the 2020 effort, then Democratic candidate Joe Biden talked in a Hispanic Heritage Month event in Florida and dealt with Puerto Rico's political standing by stating that he"have been consider statehood are the most efficient method of ensuring that citizens of Puerto Rico are treated alike, with equal representation in the national level."
Even though the conversation concerning the island's political potential remains unclear and divisive, nearly all of its individuals are decided based on what they believe to be the ideal result for the area they call home. "I do not think it matters where you stand ideologically. I believe you care about your nation," Figueroa, that supports liberty said. "I believe that you're making the choices that you are making because from the goodness of your own heart, you believe that you're making the ideal choice for your nation and for the visitors."