Cubans have approved homosexual marriage by referendum, as well as the adoption of children by these couples and surrogacy, legal options recognized in the new Family Code launched by the regime and submitted for consultation on Sunday.
In a climate of great social unrest due to the impoverished living conditions and the repression of the government presided over by Miguel Díaz-Canel under the historic leadership of Raúl Castro, the Yes to the union of people of the same sex and other possibilities recognized in the new legislation on the family obtained 66.87% of the votes: a percentage far removed from the 97.7% and 90.61% harvested by the dictatorship in its two previous general consultations, held in 1976 and 2019 to ratify the successive versions of the Cuban Constitution.
Abstention also reached 26% of a census of almost 8.5 million voters, as the participation was 74.01%: a percentage also very distant from the rates of 98% and 84.1% in the constitutional plebiscites from 76 to 2019.
The more than sufficient but limited numbers of support and participation in the law of new forms of family find an explanation both in the rejection of the Catholic Church and other confessions represented on the island and in the vote of punishment that the government itself already feared, according to statements by its leaders and official media until the very day of the voting.
The bad weather, with heavy rains in the hours before tropical storm or cyclone Ian passed through the area, also played against the authoritarian government's opening project.