The Minister of the Interior, Joan Ignasi Elena, and the head of the Security and Transversal Policies Cabinet, Alba Alfageme, presented today the latest edition of the Public Security Survey of Catalonia. A study that goes beyond the objective statistics of complaints and that helps to better understand the perception that Catalans have about security. A work in which the respondents also value the Mossos d'Esquadra and the local police forces and which shows how the income level of the interviewee conditions their assessment of security.
The survey reveals that 33% of the people interviewed stopped doing things for fear of being victims of a crime. A percentage that rises to 45% in the case of women. A tremendous reality that conditions the daily lives of many women who avoid nighttime itineraries that they do during the day; or who try not to return home alone after leaving a leisure space for fear of what could happen to them.
An uncertainty that conditions the freedom of those surveyed and that forces, in Elena's words, to maintain the momentum of the “feminization” of her department's policies beyond the increase in the presence of women in the police.
The demographic study, based on the responses of 7,995 citizens of Catalonia consulted between February and March of this year about events in 2022, detects a reduction in the level of perception of security compared to the last edition. This perception goes from 6.8 out of 10 in 2020 to 6.6 in 2022, but it is well below 2017, when it was 7.2. 32.4% of those surveyed claimed to have been the victim of a crime, a percentage that drops to 25.8% when any scam is excluded from the statistics, a criminal modality that is triggered and that, in the opinion of the councilor, distorts the result of the survey conclusions. In another section, Catalans rate security in their municipalities with a score of 6.6, the lowest since 2013.
60.1% of those surveyed claimed to have suffered a crime related to the area of people (abuse, aggression), although in the next question it specifically involved threats and intimidation.
The Mossos d'Esquadra continue to receive a good score, 7.5 on a scale of 0 to 10 (the second best in its history, after 2017), being especially highly valued by the population over 65 years of age, which gives them It gives an 8.1, compared to the 7 they receive from young people between 16 and 25 years old. The local police force remains at a 7 (7.6 among those over 65 years of age and 6.9 in the group between 16 and 25).
Despite these good scores, citizens when they are victims choose not to report. Because? They were given several options and 50.4% said they could do little, the same number said it was too complicated, 32% said they had little confidence in justice and 23% did not trust the police. Another 10 percent said they did not report “out of fear.”